Working With Urdu

Friday, January 15, 2010

InPage provides you with some very specific features for the Urdu language. These features allow you to enter and layout your urdu documents easily and calligraphically.

Entering Urdu Text
To enter text in Urdu you need to interact with the following elements of InPage Interface—

Toggle English/Urdu Entry

You can toggle between English and Urdu by pressing Ctrl-Space. Also you can choose the menu item Toggle Language from the Language menu. If you have enabled Sindhi and Pushtu, then this command switches amongst English, Urdu, Sindhi and Pushtu.

Corresponding to the current language its name is displayed in the task bar on the bottom right corner of InPage frame window.


Choosing Urdu Font

InPage has a separate combo box for selcting Urdu fonts and English fonts. If you wish to use Urdu and your copy of InPage is Nastaliq enabled, then Noori Nastaliq is the default font for Urdu text entry. If you so wish you can choose from other Nastaliq, Arabic styled, and decorative fonts.

Preferences:Typographic Preferences

The Typographic Preferences allow you to change default values for text formatting.

Nastaliq Space Width: Here you can set the width of the Nastaliq Space as a percentage of the font Size.

Auto Line Spacing: Specifies the amount of Extra spacing to be added to the line when the text is in Horizontal direction. This value is specified in percentage.

Reduce Latin Fontsize: Specifies the percentage reduction of Latin Fontsize in comparison to Urdu Fontsize. For Example if Urdu char if of 10 pt. Size then 10% reduction in Latin Fontsize means, the English char will appear of 9 Pt.

Justification Priorities:

Nastaliq Space: Specifies the space between Urdu/Arabic characters

Latin Space: Specifies the space between English characters

Box Styles:

Above: Specifies the percent of font height by which to extend the top of boxed style above the top of the base characters.

Below: Specifies the percent of font height by which to extend the bottom of boxed style below the bottom of the base characters.

Text: Specifies the amount of spacing to be given between the boxed style and text before and after as percent of font height.

Underline:

Shift: Amount in Percent of font size of base character by which to shift underline down.

Width: Thickness of underline in Percent of base character font size.

Save As Default: Saves the current in the preferences dialog as Application preferences , So that next time you make a new document it automatically takes these values.

Auto Kerning: This feature has been provided to automatically remove white space between nastaliq words. This allows the nastaliq text to look more compact. For version 1 files this check box is set to OFF to allow the same spacing for nastaliq text as in version 1. For new documents, this checkbox is always ON.

Auto Kashida: When you are justifying Arabic text, you have an option to allow InPage to automatically insert the Kashida character instead of inserting extra white space.

Defaults: This button restores the default values of all the fields in this dialog.
Keyboards Preferences

Document Direction

When you choose New from the File menu, you will be prompted with the New Document dialog. At this moment you can choose your overall document direction to be right to left. This will enable you to enter text from right. Also when you make text boxes, the default direction for text entry in paragraphs will always be from right to left. You, however, have an option to change the overall direction of text entry at the paragraph level.

Paragraph

This option lets you to specify paragraph formatting attributes for selected text. Paragraph Format dialog is displayed with following items.

Alignment: Choose Left, Centered, Right ,Justified and Forced Justify Alignment styles for selected paragraphs.

Indents:

Beginning: This option sets the Indent amount at beginning of line for lines after the first line of selected paragraphs.

End: This option sets the Indent amount at end of line for all lines in the selected paragraphs.

First line: This option sets the Indent value for first lines of selected paragraph.

Line Spacing:

Line Height: This option decides height of each line in the selected paragraph. The value specified is the distance between the top of the line and bottom of the line. Text is drawn centered within this Spacing. If Auto is specified for this option then InPage automatically finds out the text height in the line and adds some percentage to the text height. This value is then used for Line Spacing. The extra percentage can be changed from the Preference option.

Interline Gap: This option sets the gap between lines of the selected paragraphs.

Tab:

Default Stop: This option chooses the gap between default tab stops in the document. A tab character tabs to the next default tab position if no tabs are specified after the tab character.

Breaks: Selecting Page Break from the Breaks combo box takes the current paragraph to the beginning of the next page.

Selecting Column Break inserts a column break for the current paragraph. This takes the current paragraph to the beginning of the next column.

Keep Together: Check this option to disallow splitting of selected paragraphs across columns or frames.

Keep With Next: Check this option to disallow next paragraph to be in different frame of column.

Window: Enter number of lines at top of paragraph after which the selected paragraphs can break across columns and frames

Orphan: Select number of lines at end of paragraph where the paragraph is not allowed to break.

Paragraph Spacing:

Before: This option sets the space before the paragraph. This spacing will not be applied to paragraphs at top of Box.

After: This option sets the space after the paragraph. This spacing will not be applied for paragraphs ending at Box bottom.

Character Alignment: You can align the Latin/Arabic text either on the baseline in which case you should select the baseline character alignment option. If you wish to center align the text by choosing the Center Align option.

Add To Table of Contents: You can add the selected paragraph as a table of content entry.

Auto Kerning

This feature has been provided to automatically remove white space between nastaliq words. This allows the nastaliq text to look more compact. This feature is automatically enabled with version 2 files. For version 1 files this check box is set to OFF to allow the same spacing for nastaliq text as in version 1.

Typographic Preferences

The Typographic Preferences allow you to change default values for text formatting.

Nastaliq Space Width: Here you can set the width of the Nastaliq Space as a percentage of the font Size.

Auto Line Spacing: Specifies the amount of Extra spacing to be added to the line when the text is in Horizontal direction. This value is specified in percentage.

Reduce Latin Fontsize: Specifies the percentage reduction of Latin Fontsize in comparison to Urdu Fontsize. For Example if Urdu char if of 10 pt. Size then 10% reduction in Latin Fontsize means, the English char will appear of 9 Pt.

Justification Priorities:

Nastaliq Space: Specifies the space between Urdu/Arabic characters

Latin Space: Specifies the space between English characters

Box Styles:

Above: Specifies the percent of font height by which to extend the top of boxed style above the top of the base characters.

Below: Specifies the percent of font height by which to extend the bottom of boxed style below the bottom of the base characters.

Text: Specifies the amount of spacing to be given between the boxed style and text before and after as percent of font height.

Underline:

Shift: Amount in Percent of font size of base character by which to shift underline down.

Width: Thickness of underline in Percent of base character font size.

Save As Default: Saves the current in the preferences dialog as Application preferences , So that next time you make a new document it automatically takes these values.

Auto Kerning: This feature has been provided to automatically remove white space between nastaliq words. This allows the nastaliq text to look more compact. For version 1 files this check box is set to OFF to allow the same spacing for nastaliq text as in version 1. For new documents, this checkbox is always ON.

Auto Kashida: When you are justifying Arabic text, you have an option to allow InPage to automatically insert the Kashida character instead of inserting extra white space.

Defaults: This button restores the default values of all the fields in this dialog.


Automatic Kashida

When you are justifying Arabic text (i.e. using non-Nastaliq fonts), you have an option to allow InPage to automatically insert the Kashida character instead of inserting extra white space. This you can insert by using the special Kashida character (this is called manual Kashida). Alternatively, when you have justified this text, and if Auto Kashida is ON in the Typographic Preferences dialog, InPage will automatically insert kashida whereever required.

Typographic Preferences

The Typographic Preferences allow you to change default values for text formatting.

Nastaliq Space Width: Here you can set the width of the Nastaliq Space as a percentage of the font Size.

Auto Line Spacing: Specifies the amount of Extra spacing to be added to the line when the text is in Horizontal direction. This value is specified in percentage.

Reduce Latin Fontsize: Specifies the percentage reduction of Latin Fontsize in comparison to Urdu Fontsize. For Example if Urdu char if of 10 pt. Size then 10% reduction in Latin Fontsize means, the English char will appear of 9 Pt.

Justification Priorities:

Nastaliq Space: Specifies the space between Urdu/Arabic characters

Latin Space: Specifies the space between English characters

Box Styles:

Above: Specifies the percent of font height by which to extend the top of boxed style above the top of the base characters.

Below: Specifies the percent of font height by which to extend the bottom of boxed style below the bottom of the base characters.

Text: Specifies the amount of spacing to be given between the boxed style and text before and after as percent of font height.

Underline:

Shift: Amount in Percent of font size of base character by which to shift underline down.

Width: Thickness of underline in Percent of base character font size.

Save As Default: Saves the current in the preferences dialog as Application preferences , So that next time you make a new document it automatically takes these values.

Auto Kerning: This feature has been provided to automatically remove white space between nastaliq words. This allows the nastaliq text to look more compact. For version 1 files this check box is set to OFF to allow the same spacing for nastaliq text as in version 1. For new documents, this checkbox is always ON.

Auto Kashida: When you are justifying Arabic text, you have an option to allow InPage to automatically insert the Kashida character instead of inserting extra white space.

Defaults: This button restores the default values of all the fields in this dialog.


Spell Check

Displays a Spell Check dialog which helps you in correcting the spelling interactively. Use this dialogbox to check spelling in the current text chain or all the chains in the entire document. InPage searches the online Urdu/English dictionaries for each word of your document, highlighting words not found in the dictionary. InPage scrolls the document so that the selected word is always visible to you to allow you to change the word. If the Spelling dialog obscures a word then you can move the dialog and place it anywhere else in the window. You can leave this dialog active while you work and bring it to the front when spell checking is required. For this you will have to click on Resume button to resume spelling check.

If you are working in Text Editing mode (i.e. with IBeam Tool) then the Spelling dialog will check for spellings only in the current text chain. If however you are working with Arrow tool, then Spelling dialog checks for spelling in the entire document.

· Change To In this edit box, InPage displays each word that it does not recognize. Type the correction here or select the correct word from the list of suggestions. To finally change the word click on the Change button.
· Change button allows you to change the spelling of the selected word in the document to the spelling in the Change To edit box.
· Ignore button ignores the word (i.e. leaves it as it is without changing it) and continues searching.

· Change All is same as change button. Besides the selected word all occurrences of the word is replaced by the text in the Change To edit box.
· Ignore All is same as Ignore. Besides this occurrence all occurrences of the word in the text chain or document are ignored and never come up again.
· Add button adds this occurrence of the word to a user created dictionary.
· Suggest button suggests various alternate words for a word in the Change To edit box.

Generate Index

InPage provides powerful tools to help you create indexes. Creation of Index is a two step process.
In step 1, you mark an Index Entry.

An index entry is composed of two parts : a topic and a reference. In addition the topic you may have sub topic. When you define an index entry, InPage inserts an index marker in the text to indicate that an index entry exists. Index markers are visible when you have Show Invisibles ON in the View menu. When you generate an index, InPage scans the document and looks for these index entries, alphabetizes index entries and creates an index on the clipboard. This can be pasted any where in the document.

Although index markers move as text is added or deleted, the text before or after a marker is not connected to the index marker.

In the current text chain, select the word (or set of words) that you wish to define as an index entry and then chose this menu item. You will be prompted with the Index Entry dialog box with the selected entry getting displayed in the Main Entry.

If you wish to index only this occurrence of the selected word then click on the Mark button. On the other hand if you wish to index all occurrences of this word in the document then click on the Mark All button.

You can also attach a sub topic to this index by entering the sub topic in the Sub Topic edit box.

Table of Contents

GeneratingTable of Contents like Index is a two step process.
In step 1, you mark various Table of Contents entries.
In step 2, you generate Table of Contents.
To mark Table of Contents entries, you will need to use the Format Paragraph command and in the dialog click on the Add To Table of Contents check box. Thus checking on this check box adds the selected Paragraph as a Table of Content entry .
Once you have marked all the requisites Table of Contents entries, you will need to generate the actual Table of Contents by using the Table of Contents menu item under Utilities menu. This will generate the Table of Contents and copy the generated index onto the clipboard.

In step 2, you generate indexes.

Generating Index
Once you have inserted all the index entries, it is time now to generate the actual index.
To do this select the Generate Index menu item from the Utilities menu. Please note that the generated index is copied onto the clipboard and so if you have some data on the clipboard which you wish to retain you should not continue with the generation of index.
Once the generation is complete, the generated index is copied onto the clipboard. You can now paste this index anywhere in the document.

0 comments: